股权被冻结的法律后果(股权被冻结还能行使决议)

 admin   2020-11-22 11:46   10 人阅读  0 条评论
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   《最高人民法院关于在执行工作中进一步强化善意文明执行理念的意见》 《最高人民法院 司法部 中华全国律师协会关于深入推进律师参与人民法院执行工作的意见》

  为贯彻《中共中央、国务院关于完善产权保护制度依法保护产权的意见》 《中共中央、国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见》等文件精神,进一步提升人民法院严格、规范、公正、文明执行水平,促进执行工作持续、健康、高水平运行,为经济社会发展提供更好的司法服务和保障, 根据《民事诉讼法》及相关司法解释,结合人民法院实际执行工作,提出以下意见

  严禁过度查封和乱查封。采取有效措施,坚决纠正实践中的滥检乱检现象,畅通群众反映问题的渠道,对相关线索实行“一案双查”,依法严肃处理不规范行为。

  法定代表人、主要负责人不是公司实际控制人或者对债务履行有影响的直接责任人,即不存在恶意变更或者逃避执行的,应当允许。再比如,在实践中,消费受到限制的个人,如果因为自己或者近亲属患重病或者近亲属死亡而需要赶赴其他地方,人民法院出于人道主义考虑,应当暂时解除限制。

  法发[2019]35号《最高人民法院关于在执行工作中进一步强化诚信文明执行理念的意见》
为贯彻《中共中央、国务院关于完善产权保护制度依法保护产权的意见》 《中共中央、国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见》等文件精神,进一步提升人民法院严格、规范、公正、文明执行水平,促进执行工作持续、健康、高水平运行,为经济社会发展提供更好的司法服务和保障, 根据《民事诉讼法》及相关司法解释,结合人民法院实际执行工作,提出以下意见1。 充分认识实施善意文明 1的意义和精神实质。充分认识实施善意和文明的意义。执行是公平正义最后一道防线的最后一环。强化诚信观念、文明实施,同时依法保护胜诉方的合法权益,最大限度地减少对被执行人权益的影响,实现法律效应与社会效应的有机统一,是维护社会公平正义、促进社会和谐稳定的必然要求,是完善产权保护制度的应有之义, 建立健全市场化、法制化的国际商业环境,促进高质量发展,对全面推进法治和国家治理体系及治理能力现代化具有重要意义。 2。准确把握善意文明实施的精神实质。执行是依靠国家强制力实现成功判决的重要手段。目前,被执行人逃避和逃避执行仍然是执行工作中的主要矛盾和突出问题。突出执行工作的强制性,不断加大执法力度,确保胜诉方及时实现合法权益,仍是执行工作的重点和主线。然而,与此同时,应该指出,执行工作对各方都有很大影响。人民法院在执行过程中,也要强化诚信、文明执行的理念,严格规范,公正保护各方合法权益;要坚持比例原则,寻找双方利益平衡,避免过度实施;要提高政治地位,着眼党和国家整体发展战略,增强把握司法政策的能力和水平,实现依法履职、服务大局、促进发展的统一。要采取有效措施,坚决纠正实践中的过度查封和无序查封现象,畅通群众反映问题的渠道,对相关线索实行“一案双查”,依法严肃处理不规范行为。人民法院在强化诚信和文明执行理念的过程中,应充分保护债权人的合法权益,维护执行权威和司法公信力,将强制力集中于依法打击和惩治逃避执行、逃避执行和抗拒执行的行为。必须坚决防止执行者滥用权力 严格按照中央保护产权的精神,严格区分企业法人财产和股东个人财产,严禁非法查封外人财产,对无法查封的财产采取强制措施,有效保护私营企业和其他企业法人、企业家和各种市场主体的合法权益。需要说明的是,信托财产在信托存续期间独立于委托人和受托人的固有财产,受益人对信托财产的权利是信托的受益权,信托财产不是受益人的责任财产。因此,当事人因与委托人、受托人或者受益人发生纠纷,申请保全或者强制执行存管银行或者信托公司专用账户内的信托资金的,人民法院不予许可,但《中华人民共和国信托法》第十七条规定的情形除外。4.严禁封存超标。被强制执行人的财产,应当以其价值足以清偿有效的法律票据所确定的债权为限,对明显超标的扣押应当坚决制止。被执行人银行账户内的存款被冻结的,应当注明具体冻结金额,不影响冻结之外的资金流通和账户使用。需要查封的房地产整体价值明显超过债权数额的,应当查封该房地产的相应价值;有关部门提出房地产登记为同一产权证的,人民法院应当在对房地产进行整体查封后,根据执行人的申请,及时协调有关部门办理分割登记,并解除对超标部分的查封。有关部门无正当理由拒绝协助登记、扣押分居的,依照民事诉讼法第一百一十四条的规定采取相应的处罚措施。5.灵活的密封措施。可以“活封”的财产尽量不要“死封”,这样才能最大限度的利用被查封的财产,避免社会资源的浪费。被执行企业的厂房、机器设备等生产资料被查封,被执行企业继续使用对财产价值没有重大影响的,可以允许使用。对资金周转困难、暂时无力偿还债务的房地产开发企业,人民法院应当根据下列情况分别处理: (一)在建工程查封后,原则上允许执行人继续施工。(2)在建工程被查封后,如果强制变价措施能够实现债权,但会明显减损财产价值,则应积极促使被执行人的明显不公平达成和解协议中止执行,并在工程竣工后进行变价;无法达成和解协议,但被执行人提供了相应的担保并承诺在合理期限内完成施工的,可以中止强制变价措施。(3)查封在建商品房或现房后,在确保能够控制相应价款的前提下,可以监督被执行人在一定期限内按照合理价格自行销售房屋。人民法院在确定期限时,应当明确具体的时间节点,避免期限过长影响执行效率、损害执行债权人合法权益。 6.充分发挥查封财产融资功能。人民法院查封财产后,被保全人或被执行人申请用查封财产融资的,按照下列情形分别处理: (1)保全查封财产后,被保全人申请用查封财产融资替换查封财产的,在确保能够控制相应融资款的前提下,可以监督被保全人按照合理价格进行融资。 (2)执行过程中,被执行人申请用查封财产融资清偿债务,经执行债权人同意或者融资款足以清偿所有执行债务的,可以准许。 被保全人或被执行人利用查封财产融资,出借人要求先办理财产抵押或质押登记再放款的,人民法院应积极协调有关部门做好财产解封、抵押或质押登记等事宜,并严格控制融资款。 7.严格规范上市公司股票冻结。为维护资本市场稳定,依法保障债权人合法权益和债务人投资权益,人民法院在冻结债务人在上市公司的股票时,应当依照下列规定严格执行: (1)严禁超标的冻结。冻结上市公司股票,应当以其价值足以清偿生效法律文书确定的债权额为限。股票价值应当以冻结前一交易日收盘价为基准,结合股票市场行情,一般在不超过20%的幅度内合理确定。股票冻结后,其价值发生重大变化的,经当事人申请,人民法院可以追加冻结或者解除部分冻结。 (2)可售性冻结。保全冻结上市公司股票后,被保全人申请将冻结措施变更为可售性冻结的,应当准许,但应当提前将被保全人在证券公司的资金账户在明确具体的数额范围内予以冻结。在执行过程中,被执行人申请通过二级市场交易方式自行变卖股票清偿债务的,人民法院可以按照前述规定办理,但应当要求其在10个交易日内变卖完毕。特殊情形下,可以适当延长。 (3)已质押股票的冻结。上市公司股票存在质押且质权人非本案保全申请人或申请执行人,目前,人民法院在采取冻结措施时,由于需要计入股票上存在的质押债权且该债权额往往难以准确计算,尤其是当股票存在多笔质押时还需指定对哪一笔质押股票进行冻结,为保障普通债权人合法权益,人民法院一般会对质押股票进行全部冻结,这既存在超标的冻结的风险,也会对质押债权人自行实现债权造成影响,不符合执行经济原则。 最高人民法院经与中国证券监督管理委员会沟通协调,由中国证券登记结算有限公司(以下简称中国结算公司)对现有冻结系统进行改造,确立了质押股票新型冻结方式,并在系统改造完成后正式实施。具体内容如下: 第一,债务人持有的上市公司股票存在质押且质权人非本案保全申请人或申请执行人,人民法院对质押股票冻结时,应当依照7(1)规定的计算方法冻结相应数量的股票,无需将质押债权额计算在内。冻结质押股票时,人民法院应当提前冻结债务人在证券公司的资金账户,并明确具体的冻结数额,不得对资金账户进行整体冻结。 第二,股票冻结后,不影响质权人变价股票实现其债权。质权人解除任何一部分股票质押的,冻结效力在冻结股票数量范围内对解除质押部分的股票自动生效。质权人变价股票实现其债权后变价款有剩余的,冻结效力在本案债权额范围内对剩余变价款自动生效。 第三,在执行程序中,为实现本案债权,人民法院可以在质押债权和本案债权额范围内对相应数量的股票采取强制变价措施,并在优先实现质押债权后清偿本案债务。 第四,两个以上国家机关冻结同一质押股票的,按照在证券公司或中国结算公司办理股票冻结手续的先后确定冻结顺位,依次满足各国家机关的冻结需求。两个以上国家机关在同一交易日分别在证券公司、中国结算公司冻结同一质押股票的,在先在证券公司办理股票冻结手续的为在先冻结。 第五,人民法院与其他国家机关就冻结质押股票产生争议的,由最高人民法院主动与最高人民检察院、公安部等部门依法协调解决。争议协调解决期间,证券公司或中国结算公司控制产生争议的相关股票,不协助任何一方执行。争议协调解决完成,证券公司或中国结算公司按照争议机关协商的最终结论处理。 第六,系统改造完成前已经完成的冻结不适用前述规定。案件保全申请人或申请执行人为质权人的,冻结措施不适用前述规定。下载网易新闻客户端

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  为贯彻《中共中央、国务院关于完善产权保护制度依法保护产权的意见》 《中共中央、国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见》等文件精神,进一步提升人民法院严格、规范、公正、文明执行水平,促进执行工作持续、健康、高水平运行,为经济社会发展提供更好的司法服务和保障, 根据《民事诉讼法》及相关司法解释,结合人民法院实际执行工作,提出以下意见

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  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

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  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

下载网易新闻客户端阅读下一篇下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

下载网易新闻客户端阅读下一篇下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

  
下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

下载网易新闻客户端阅读下一篇下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

  
下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
下载网易新闻客户端阅读下一篇下载网易新闻客户端Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
阅读下一篇

  阅读下一篇

  
Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  
阅读下一篇

  下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

下载网易新闻客户端阅读下一篇

  下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

  下载网易新闻客户端Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

  下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

  下载网易新闻客户端

  Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.下载网易新闻客户端

  阅读下一篇

  

下载网易新闻客户端

Notice: The content above (including the pictures and videos if any) is uploaded and posted by a user of NetEase Hao, which is a social media platform and only provides information storage services.

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